Ship registration is the process by which a ship is documented and given the nationality of the country to which the ship has been documented. The nationality allows a ship to travel internationally as it is proof of ownership of the vessel.
International law requires that every merchant ship be registered in a country, called its flag state. Ship registration is similar to a person receiving a passport. A ship is bound to the law of its flag state. It is usual to say that the ship sails under the flag of the country of registration.
A ship's flag state exercises regulatory control over the vessel and is required to inspect it regularly, certify the ship's equipment and crew, and issue safety and pollution prevention documents. The organization which actually registers the ship is known as its registry. Registries may be governmental or private agencies. In some cases, such as the United States' Alternative Compliance Program, the registry can assign a third party to administer inspections.
It is one of those strange quirks of shipping regulation that that tiny, or landlocked nations – or in this case both- can become international shipping registries ...The SanMarinoShip Registry will register ships, whether VLCCs or yachts and commercially operated vessels of any size to fly the flag of San Marino.
Landlocked, mountainous San Marino – population 34,000 – is home to the world’s newest ship registry ... “San Marino ShipRegister embodies the values of sustainable development and regulatory compliance, with an eye towards cost-effectiveness.”.
The landlocked Republic of San Marino, a microstate surrounded by Italian territory near the town of Rimini, has launched a new open registry for shipping ... The newly-incorporated San MarinoShipRegister (SMSR) will operate the registry on the government's behalf, a common arrangement for shipping registry management.
The team at San MarinoShipRegister have announced they will be accepting registrations of vessels in private and commercial use, and have published the registry’s guidelines for registration, now available on the company’s website at www.smsr.sm ... Domenico Gianluca Miliziano, President – San Marino Ship Register.
The cast and creators of ParamountPlus’ ‘Star Trek. Prodigy’ and ‘Star Trek ... ‘Prodigy’ is the first ‘Star Trek’ series aimed at younger audiences ... Its registry number started with NX instead of NCC, indicating that the ‘Protostar’ is an experimental ship rather than a fully commissioned starship ... Cerritos, one of Starfleet’s least important ships ... .
According to the statement, registration shall be done online within 72 hours like the world's best ships registries and this will make it easy and attractive to register ships in India and thereby aid in boosting the Indian tonnage ... .
Under the MARPOL international maritime convention, ships planning STS in territorial waters are required to give notice to the coastal authority 48 hours in advance, while companies carrying out STS in open sea lanes are meant to notify the flag registry ...Illicit STS was unlikely to follow the rigorous MARPOL standards, shipping specialists said.